By: Kelly Erickson
Some stereotypes about U.S. farm policy just won’t die.
For example, the belief that farmers get paid for not growing; or
that benefits just go to big agribusinesses; or that farm spending is
out of control. Such criticisms make splashy headlines but are no longer
relevant thanks to the significant evolution of farm policy over the
past 20 years. Over that time, government control of agriculture has
given way to a system where farmers take more responsibility, make
decisions based on market forces, and are asked to help fund their own
The most significant reforms occurred in the 2014 farm bill, which is
projected to reduce farm spending by billions over the next decade.
The farm bill repealed direct payments – checks that some farmers
received every year no matter the market conditions or how crops fared.
In their place are crop insurance policies made available to all growers
regardless of size, geographic location or cropping decision.
With crop insurance, most farmers get bills in the mail instead of
government checks, and because producers are now paying more of the farm
policy tab, spending has trended downward over the years (to less than
three-tenths of 1 percent of the federal budget).
Here’s how it plays out on my sugar beet, soybeans and wheat farm.
Every year, I analyze input costs, market prices and yield trends.
Then I purchase crop insurance tailored to the unique risks on my farm.
Most years, my crops succeed and no insurance check is collected,
meaning insurance companies and the government keep my premiums to
offset other policy costs.
In disaster years when we suffer from drought, frost, flood, hail or a
host of other calamities, insurance only kicks in after I’ve shouldered
a sizable deductible, meaning I share the cost of aid.
Collectively, farmers spend about $4 billion out of their own pockets
every year to buy insurance. They do this because the government
ensures policies are affordable and widely available and because an
efficient infrastructure maintained by the private sector speeds
assistance to us much faster than old government disaster programs,
which were 100 percent taxpayer-funded.
Crop insurance is just part of my story. Our farmer-owned cooperative
also takes out government-backed operating loans on our sugar crop.
These loans help cash flow the operation as the sugar is sold over the
course of the year, and, like any other business loan, it is repaid with
As a result, sugar policy typically operates at no taxpayer expense
and is projected by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to cost $0 over
the next decade.
Admittedly, agriculture’s transition to lower costs isn’t fast enough
for some detractors. But, as a farm leader involved in the 2014 farm
bill debate, I can attest that tremendous headway has been made, and I
know that it is vital to remove remaining stumbling blocks to further
For example, unnecessary environmental regulations on agriculture
breed bureaucratic inefficiencies, drive up costs of production and make
it difficult to compete.
And, while U.S. farm supports are getting smaller, foreign subsidies
are rapidly increasing abroad and distorting global markets.
In the case of sugar, foreign subsidies have created the most
volatile commodity market in the world, where global prices currently
cover just half the cost of producing the crop. In other words,
exporters would lose 50 cents for every $1 worth of sugar sold if it
weren’t for subsidies propping them up.
Putting an end to the domestic and foreign policies that stifle U.S.
agriculture’s competitiveness should take top priority in the years
ahead as the current farm bill is implemented.
And as we wage that fight, taxpayers can take comfort in the fact
that they are shouldering less risk and that U.S. farm policy is headed
in the right direction.
Erickson is immediate past president, American Sugarbeet Growers Association, and farms with his son near Hallock, Minn.